Skip to Main Content Skip to Main Navigation

Give to Lehman

Lehman College

Faculty Bradley Schoenfeld

Email Address: brad.schoenfeld@lehman.cuny.edu
Phone Number: 718-960-1999
Office: Apex 259
Rank: Assistant Professor

Dr. Brad Schoenfeld, PhD, CSCS, FNSCA, is is an assistant professor in the exercise science department for Lehman College and is the director of their human performance laboratory. Dr. Schoenfeld's research focuses on muscular adaptations associated with the manipulation of resistance training variables. He has published over sixty peer-reviewed journal articles, authored four book chapters, and has a textbook in production on the science of muscle hypertrophy. He currently serves on the Board of Directors for the National Strength and Conditioning Association and is Assistant Editor-in-Chief for their Strength and Conditioning Journal. In addition, he serves on the editorial advisory board for the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research and the Journal of the International Association of Sports Medicine. Dr. Schoenfeld regularly speaks at many of the major fitness conferences, and has presented in twelve different countries including the keynote address at the Fourth International Conference on Human Performance Development through Strength and Conditioning in Murcia, Spain.

Academic Interests:

  • The effects of exercise on body composition with particular interest in muscle hypertrophy and fat loss.

Research Topics:

  • Muscular adaptations associated with manipulation of exercise variables,  body composition changes associated nutrition and supplementation interventions, alterations in muscle activation with different exercises.

Selected Publications:

  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Aragon, A.A., Wilborn, C., Urbina, S.L., Hayward, S.B., Krieger, J.W. (2017). Pre- versus post-exercise protein intake has similar effects on muscular adaptions in resistance-trained men. PeerJ. Jan 3;5:e2825. doi: 10.7717/peerj.2825.

  • da Silva, J.J., Schoenfeld, B.J., Marchetti, P.N., Pecoraro, S.L., D’Andréa Greve, J.M., Marchetti, P.H. (2017). Muscle activation differs between partial and full back squat exercise with external load equated between conditions. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001713, [Epub ahead of print] 
  • dos Santos, Ribeiro, A.S., Schoenfeld, B.J., Nascimento, M.A., Tomeleri, C.M., Souza, M.F., Pina, F.L.C., Cyrino, E.S. (2017). The improvement in walking speed induced by resistance training is associated with increased muscular strength but not skeletal muscle mass in older women. European Journal of Sport Science. DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2016.1273394, [Epub ahead of print] 

  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Kolber, M. (2016). Point/Counterpoint: Abdominal Crunches Are/Are Not a Safe and Effective Exercise.  Strength and Conditioning Journal. 38(6), 61-64
  • Souza, M.F., Tomereli, C.M., Ribeiro, A.S., Schoenfeld, B.J., Silva, A.M., Sardinha, L.B., Cyrino, E.S. (2016). Effect of resistance training on phase angle in older women: a randomized controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, DOI: 10.1111/sms.12745. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Ogborn, D., Krieger, J.W. (2016). The dose-response relationship between resistance training volume and muscle hypertrophy: Are there really still any doubts? Journal of Sport Science, PMID: 27805470, [Epub ahead of print]
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. Contreras, B., Vigotsky, A., Peterson, M.D. (2016). Differential effects of heavy versus moderate loads on measures of strength and hypertrophy in resistance trained men. Journal of Sport Science and Medicine. 15, 715-722
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Wilson, J.M., Lowery, R, Krieger, J.W. (2016). Muscular adaptations in low- versus high-load resistance training: A meta-analysis. European Journal of Sport Science, 16(1), 1-10
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B. (2016). Attentional focus for maximizing muscle development: The mind-muscle connection. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 38(1), 27-29
  • Tomeleri, C.M., Ribeiro, A.S., Souza, M.F., Schiavoni, D., Schoenfeld, B.J. Venturini, D., Barbosa, D.S., Landucci, K., Sardinha, L.B., Cyrino, E.S. (2016). Resistance training improves inflammatory level, lipid and glycemic profiles in obese older women: a randomized controlled trial. Experimental Gerontology, 84, 80-87
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Pina, F.L., Dodero, S.R., Silva, D.R., Schoenfeld, B.J., Sugihara Júnior, P., Fernandes, R.R., Barbosa, D.S., Cyrino, E.S., Tirapegui, J. (2016). Effect of conjugated linoleic acid associated with aerobic exercise on body fat and lipid profile in obese women: a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled trial. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 26(2), 135-44.
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B., Vigotsky, A., Ogborn, D., Fontana, F., Sonmez, G.T. (2016). Upper body muscle activation during low- versus high-load resistance exercise in the bench press. Isokinetics and Exercise Science. 24, 217–224
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Schoenfeld, B.J., Souza, M.F., Tomeleri, C.M., Venturini, D, Barbosa, D.S., Cyrino, E.S. (2016). Traditional and pyramidal resistance training systems improves muscular quality and metabolic biomarkers in older women: a randomized crossover study. Experimental Gerontology. 79, 8-15
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Ogborn, D., Contreras, B., Alvar, B.A., Cappaert, T., Ribeiro, A.S., Vigotsky, A. (2016). A comparison of increases in volume load over 8 weeks of low- versus high-load resistance training. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 7(1), e29247
  • Contreras, B, Vigotsky, AD, Schoenfeld, BJ, Beardsley, C, Cronin, J. (2016). Effects of a six-week hip thrust versus front squat resistance training program on performance in adolescent males: A randomized-controlled trial. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, PMID: 27253835 [Epub ahead of print]
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B., Ogborn, D., Galpin, A., Krieger, J., Sonmez, G.T. (2016). Effects of varied versus constant loading zones on muscular adaptations in well-trained men. International Journal of Sports Medicine,  37(6), 442-7
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Ogborn, D., Kreiger, J.W. (2016). The effects of resistance training frequency on muscle hypertrophy: a meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. PMID: 27102172 [Epub ahead of print]
  • Rossi, F.E., Schoenfeld, B.J., Ocetnik, S., Young, J., Vigotsky, A., Contreras, B., Krieger, J.W., Miller, M.G., Cholewa, J. (2016). Strength, body composition, and functional outcomes following free weight- and machine-based resistance training in the squat versus leg press exercises. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, PMID: 27735888, [Epub ahead of print] 
  •   Ribeiro, A.S., Avelar, A., Sardinha, L.B., dos Santos, L., Silva, A.M., Gobbo, L.A., Schoenfeld, B.J., Cyrino, E.S. (2016). Hypertrophy-type resistance training improves phase angle in young adult men and women. International Journal of Sports Medicine, PMID: 27793064. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Prestes, J., da Cunha Nascimento, D., de Sousa Neto, I.V., Pereira, G.B., Shiguemoto, R.A., de Andrade Perez, S.E., Schoenfeld, B.J. (In Press). The effects of muscle strength responsiveness to periodized resistance training on resistin, leptin and cytokine in elderly post-menopausal women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Pope, Z.K,, Benik, F.M., Hester, G.M., Sellers, J., Nooner, J.L., Schnaiter, J.A., Bond-Williams, K.E., Carter, A.S., Ross, C.L., Just, B.L., Henselmanns, M., Krieger, J.W. (2016). Longer inter-set rest periods enhance muscle strength and hypertrophy in resistance-trained men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(7):1805-12
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Aragon, A.A., Moon, J., Krieger, J.W., Sonmez, G.T. (2016). Comparison of ultrasound versus air displacement plethysmography for assessing body composition changes following participation in a structured weight loss program. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, doi: 10.1111/cpf.12355. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Contreras, B., Vigotsky, A.D., Cronin, J., Schoenfeld, B.J., Beardsley, C. (2016). A comparison of gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, and vastus lateralis EMG amplitude in the parallel, full, and front squat variations in resistance trained females. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 32(1):16-22
  • Hanney, W.J., Kolber, M., Pabian, P., Cheatham, S.W., Schoenfeld BJ., Salamh, P.A. (2016). Endurance times of the thoracolumbar musculature: reference values for female resistance training participants. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(2), 588-94
  • Contreras, B, Vigotsky, AD, Schoenfeld, BJ, Beardsley, C, Cronin, J. (2015). A comparison of gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, and vastus lateralis EMG activity in the barbell, banded, and American hip thrust variations. Journal of Applied Biomechanics,  
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Tomeleri, C.M,, Souza, M.F., Pina, F.L., Schoenfeld, B.J., Nascimento, M.A., Venturini, D., Barbosa, D.S., Cyrino, E.S. (2015). Effect of resistance training on C-reactive protein, blood glucose and lipid profile in older women with differing levels of RT experience. AGE. 37(6), 109
  • Pope, Z.K., Willardson, J.M., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2015). Strength and hypertrophic response to eccentric resistance training with blood flow restriction. International Journal of Sport Science and Coaching, 10(5), 919-931
  • Contreras, B., Vigotsky, A.D., Schoenfeld, B.J., Beardsley, C., Cronin, J. (2015). A comparison of two gluteus maximus EMG maximum voluntary isometric contraction positions. PeerJ, 3:e1261; DOI 10.7717/peerj.1261
  • Sonmez, G.T., Vatansever, S, Olcucu, B, Schoenfeld, B.J.   (2015). Obesity, Food Intake and Exercise: Relationship with Ghrelin. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 7, 119–127.
  • Pina, F.L.C., Ribeiro, A.S., Guariglia, D.A., Schoenfeld, B.J., Cyrino, E.S. (2015). Effect of two- versus three-way split resistance training routines on body composition and muscular strength in bodybuilders: a pilot study. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 25(6):559-65
  • Contreras, B., Vigotsky, A.D., Cronin, J., Schoenfeld, B.J., Beardsley, C. (2015). A comparison of gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, and vastus lateralis EMG activity in the back squat and barbell hip thrust exercises. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 31(6):452-8
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Peterson, M.D., Ogborn, D., Contreras, B., Sonmez, G.T. (2015). Effects of low- versus high-load resistance training on muscle strength and hypertrophy in well-trained men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,  29(10):2954-63
  • Marchetti, P., Schoenfeld, B.J., da Silva, J., Guiselini, M., Freitas, F., Pecoraro, S., Gomes, W., Lopes, C. (2015). Muscle activation pattern during isometric ab wheel rollout exercise in different shoulder angle positions. Medical Express, 2(4), M150404
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Souza, M.F., Pina, F.L.C., Nascimento, M.A., dos Santos, L., Antunes, M., Schoenfeld, B.J., Cyrino, E.S. (2015). Resistance training in older women: comparison of single vs. multiple sets on muscle strength and body composition. Isokinetics and Exercise Science. 23(1), 53-60
  • Olcucu, B., Vatansever, G., Sonmez, G.T., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2015). Exercise and hormones related to appetite regulation. Advances in Environmental Biology, 9(2), 1250-63
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Peterson, M.D., Ratamess, N., Contreras, B., Sonmez, G.T. (2015). Influence of Resistance Training Frequency on Muscular Adaptations in Well-Trained Men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(7):1821-9
  • Carneiro, N.H., Ribeiro, A.S., Gobbo, L.A., Nascimento, M.A., Gobbi, S., Oliveira, A.R., Schoenfeld, B.J., Cyrino, E.S. (2015). Effects of different resistance training frequencies on flexibility in older women. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 10, 531–538
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Aragon, A.A., Krieger, J.W. (2015). The effects of meal frequency on body composition: A meta-analysis. Nutrition Reviews. 73(2):69–82
  • Kushner, A., Brent, J., Schoenfeld, B.J., Hugentobler, J., Lloyd, R.S., Vermeil, A., Chu, D.A., Harbin, J., McGill, S.M., Myer, G. (2015). The back squat: Targeted training techniques to correct functional deficits and technical factors that limit performance. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 37(2), 13-60
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Ogborn, D., Krieger, J.W. (2015). Effect of repetition duration during resistance training on muscle hypertrophy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 45(4):577-85
  • Marchetti, P.H., Soares, E.G., Silva, F.H., Nardi, P.S., Serpa, E.P., Gomes, W.A., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2015). Acute effects of stretching routines with and without rest intervals between sets in the bounce drop jump performance. International Journal of Sports Performance. 5(1), 39-43
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B., Sonmez, G.T., Wilson, J.M., Kolber, M., Peterson, M.D. (2015). Regional differences in muscle activation during hamstrings exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 29(1):159-64.
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Ivy, J. (2014). Point/Counterpoint: There is/is not a narrow post-exercise anabolic window for protein intake. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 36(6), 51-55
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Aragon, A.A., Wilborn, C.D., Krieger, J.W., Sonmez, G.T. (2014). Body composition changes associated with fasted versus non-fasted aerobic exercise. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 11(1):54
  • Myer, G.D., Kushner, A.M., Brent, J.L., Schoenfeld, B.J., Hugentobler, J., Lloyd, R.S., Vermeil, A., Chu, D.A., Harbin, J., McGill, S.M. (2014). The back squat: A proposed assessment of functional deficits and technical factors that limit performance: Part I. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 36(6), 4-27.
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Schoenfeld, B.J., Cyrino, E.S. (2014). Effect of 16 weeks of resistance training on fatigue resistance in men and women. Journal of Human Kinetics, 42, 165174
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B., Sonmez, G.T., Willardson, J.M., Fontana, F. (2014). Muscle activation during low- versus high-load resistance training in well-trained men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 114(12):2491-7
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Romanzini, M., Avelar, A., Schoenfeld, B.J., Cyrino, E.S. (2014). Effect of different warm up procedures on resistance training exercises performance. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 119(1):133-45
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Avelar, A., Schoenfeld, B.J., Souza, M.F. Padilha, C., Cyrino, E.S. (2014). Analysis of the training load during a hypertrophy-type resistance training program in men and women. European Journal of Sport Science. 15(4):256-64
  • Henselmans, M., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2014). The Effect of Inter-set Rest Intervals on Resistance Exercise Induced Muscle Hypertrophy. Sports Medicine. 44(12):1635-43
  • Helms, E., Fitschen, P.J., Aragon, A., Cronin, J., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2014). Recommendations for Natural Bodybuilding Contest Preparation: Resistance and Cardiovascular Training. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 55(3):164-78
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B., Sonmez, G.T., Willardson, J.M., Fontana, F., Harris, R. (2014). An electromyographic comparison of a modified version of the plank with a long-lever and posterior tilt versus the traditional plank exercise: Implications for functional performance. Sports Biomechanics, 13(3), 296-306
  • Andersen L.L., Behm, D.G., Maffiuletti, N.A., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2014). High-intensity physical training in the treatment of chronic diseases and disorders. Biomedical Research International, 2014:927304. doi: 10.1155/2014/927304. Epub 2014 May 5.
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Ratamess, N., Peterson, M.D., Contrears, B., Sonmez, G.T., Alvar, B.A. (2014). Effects of different volume-equated resistance training loading strategies on muscular adaptations in well-trained men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28(10), 2909-2018
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Avelar, A., Schoenfeld, B.J., Ritti-Dias, R.M., Altimar, L.R., Cyrino, E.S. (2014). Resistance training promotes increase in intracellular hydration in men and women. European Journal of Sport Science. 14(6), 578-85
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B. (2014). The muscle pump: Mechanisms and applications for hypertrophic adaptations. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 36(3), 21-25
  • Ogborn, D., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2014). The Role of Fiber Types in Muscle Hypertrophy: Implications for Loading Strategies. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 36(2), 20-25
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. (2014). The importance of maintaining objectivity in drawing evidence-based conclusions. Sports Medicine, 44(1), 143-145
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Aragon, A.A., Krieger, J.W. (2013). The effect of nutrient timing on muscle strength and hypertrophy: A meta-analysis. Journal of the International Society of Sport Nutrition, 10(1), 53
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B. (2013). Is postexercise muscle soreness a valid indicator of muscular adaptations? Strength and Conditioning Journal, 35(5), 16-21
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013). What is the minimum intensity threshold for resistance training-induced hypertrophic adaptations? Sports Medicine, 43(12), 1279-1288
  • Brueilly, K.E., Schoenfeld, B.J., Kolber, M.J., Darbouze, M.R. (2013). Post-Rehabilitation Exercise Considerations Following Hip Arthroplasty. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 35(4):19-30
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013). Response to: Setting a good example of evidence-based practice. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 35(3), 102-103
  • Schoenfeld, B.J, Contreras, B. (2013). Exercise technique: Long-lever posterior-tilt plank. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 35(3), 98-99
  • Sonmez, G.T., Ozen, S., Bugdaycı, G., Karlı, U., Cogalgil, S., Schoenfeld, B, Sozbir, K., Aydin, K. (2013). Effect of exercise on appetite-regulating hormones in overweight women. Biology of Sport, 30(2), 75-80
  • Contreras, B., Cronin, J., Schoenfeld, B.J., Nates, R., Sonmez, G.T.  (2013). Are all hip extension exercises created equal? Strength and Conditioning Journal, 35(2), 17-22
  • Pope, Z.K., Willardson, J.M., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013). Brief review: Exercise and blood flow restriction. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(10), 2914-26
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Sonmez, G., Kolber, MJ, Contreras, B., Harris, R., Ozen, S. (2013). Effect of hand position on EMG activity of the posterior shoulder musculature during a horizontal abduction exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(10), 2644-2649
  • Schoenfeld, B. (2013). Post-exercise hypertrophic adaptations: A re-examination of the hormone hypothesis and its applicability to resistance training program design. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(6):1720-1730
  • Aragon, A., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013). Nutrient timing revisited: Is there a post-exercise anabolic window? Journal of the International Society of Sport Nutrition, 10(1):5
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013). Potential Mechanisms for a Role of Metabolic Stress in Hypertrophic Adaptations to Resistance Training. Sports Medicine,  43(3), 179-194
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. (2012). The use of anti-inflammatory drugs for exercise-induced muscle damage: Implications for skeletal muscle development. Sports Medicine,  42(12), 1017-1028
  • Contreras, B., Schoenfeld, B., Mike, J., Sonmez, G., Cronin, J.  (2012). The biomechanics of the push-up: Implications for resistance training programs. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 34(5), 41-46 
  • Schoenfeld, B. (2012). Point/Counterpoint: Are deep squats a safe and viable exercise? Strength and Conditioning Journal, 34(2), 34–36
  • Schoenfeld, B. (2012). Does exercise-induced muscle damage play a role in skeletal muscle hypertrophy? Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(5):1441-53
  • Schoenfeld, B., Contreras, B. (2012). Do single joint exercises enhance functional fitness? Strength and Conditioning Journal, 34(1), 63-65
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Contreras, B., Sonmez, G.T., Willardson, J.M., Fontana, F. (2014). Muscle activation during low- versus high-load resistance training in well-trained men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Ratamess, N., Peterson, M.D., Contrears, B., Sonmez, G.T., Alvar, B.A. (2014). Effects of different volume-equated resistance training loading strategies on muscular adaptations in well-trained men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.[Epub ahead of print]
  • Ribeiro, A.S., Avelar, A., Schoenfeld, B.J., Ritti-Dias, R.M., Altimar, L.R., Cyrino, E.S. (2014). Effect of 16 weeks of resistance training on body water in men and women. European Journal of Sport Science. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Aragon, A.A., Krieger, J.W. (2013). The effect of nutrient timing on muscle strength and hypertrophy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the International Society of Sport Nutrition, 10(1), 53
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013). What is the minimum intensity threshold for resistance training-induced hypertrophic adaptations? Sports Medicine,43(12), 1279-1288.
  • Schoenfeld, B.J., Sonmez, G., Kolber, MJ, Contreras, B., Harris, R., Ozen, S. (2013). Effect of hand position on EMG activity of the posterior shoulder musculature during a horizontal abduction exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(10), 2644-2649
  • Schoenfeld, B. (2013). Post-exercise hypertrophic adaptations: A re-examination of the hormone hypothesis and its applicability to resistance training program design. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(6):1720-1730
  • Aragon, A., Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013). Nutrient timing revisited: Is there a post-exercise anabolic window? Journal of the International Society of Sport Nutrition, 10(1):5
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. (2013). Potential Mechanisms for a Role of Metabolic Stress in Hypertrophic Adaptations to Resistance Training. Sports Medicine,  43(3), 179-194
  • Schoenfeld, B. (2012). Does exercise-induced muscle damage play a role in skeletal muscle hypertrophy? Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(5):1441-53
  • Schoenfeld, B.J. (2010). The mechanisms of muscle hypertrophy and their application to resistance training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(10), 2857–287